Author: globalistAdmin

‘The Greatest Poet’ – by Duoya Li

中国最伟大的诗人? 前不久的一部纪录片《杜甫,中国最伟大的诗人》别开生面地追寻诗圣的人生之旅,为西方鲜为人知的中国古诗揭开面纱一角。然而独独一位诗人的历程仅为中国古诗词千年历史的惊鸿一瞥, 而前无古人,后无来者之名加之于杜甫也或过于草率。本文中,笔者将以此纪录片为线索, 试勾勒中国诗歌文脉的草略轮廓以充实抑或启发读者对杜甫更深入的理解。 杜甫科举官场失利的经历在历代诗人文人中并非个例。千年的科举制度模糊了文人与政客之间的界线,高官多是精通儒术的文化人,故文人多怀有政治抱负,然而文人大多性情高雅而不懂政治中的迂回手段,往往直言相谏,最终得罪其他官宦甚至天子而被排挤贬谪。从战国时代被流放的屈原起,官场失意却心系江山就成为了中文诗歌的重要主题之一;唐朝,杜甫的好友李白仕途坎坷,四十三岁才受诏翰林,然而他与宫廷生活仍然格格不入,既安史之乱以来的诗人中,柳宗元遭贬永州;重文轻武的宋朝,陆游与辛弃疾以文写武,无法上疆场只得“醉里挑灯看剑,梦回吹角连营”,乌台诗案中遭诽谤的苏轼一生被贬密州,黄州,直至儋州。可见,辗转流放是诗人们常有的命运。然而或许正是因为他们才华与品格树大招风,平常的仕途才不会成为他们的人生;反之,千古流传的诗作也因苦难历练而不朽。 经历了安史之乱,颠沛流离的生活让他目睹并亲历了世间疾苦,也激发了杜甫的现实主义诗歌创作。长安城气象突变,以致在草长莺飞的春季杜甫“感时花溅泪,恨别鸟惊心”;当他简陋的茅屋被风吹破时,他写下了“安得广厦千万间,大庇天下寒士俱欢颜”;他讥讽权贵在百姓饥寒交迫之际仍奢靡无度的生活:“朱门酒肉臭,路有冻死骨。”;他在诸葛亮祠堂前写下的怀古诗“出师未捷身先死,长使英雄泪满襟”缅怀这位“鞠躬尽瘁”的蜀相却也感叹自己抱负落空的失望。“三吏三别”更是以六首五言叙事诗描绘了百姓生死离别的悲痛与战争的残酷。然而现实主义诗歌在中晚唐动荡时期也十分盛行,如白居易笔下“可怜身上衣正单,心忧炭贱愿天寒”的卖炭翁,和他深感同病相怜受乱世疾苦的《琵琶行》中的琴女,而柳宗元的骈文也发展了唐代现实主义文学。 片中提及李杜交情至深,一同饮酒赋诗出游。杜赠李诗“醉眠秋共被,携手日通行”,虽说知音难觅,诗人之间的金兰之交也常常成为诗作题材,比如交游甚广的李白,赠汪伦诗“桃花潭水深千尺,不及汪伦送我情”;杜甫写给李龟年“落花时节又逢君”;孟浩然与友人“待到重阳日,还来就菊花”。然而范仲淹则感叹忧国忧民的君子不可多求:“微斯人,吾谁与归”,可见大多气节清高的诗人难寻知己,故而有幸遇见志同道合者想必格外珍重他们之间的友情。当然,并非天下诗人自然而然志同道合,以苏轼,王安石为例:东坡曾数次上奏批评王安石变法,二人政治观点水火难容,最终东坡遭贬离开朝廷。然而当苏轼深陷“乌台诗案”的危机时刻,王安石却也上书为苏轼求情“岂有盛世杀才士乎?”。王安石始终关注着东坡的诗作,从不吝啬夸赞之言,而晚年王安石退隐后苏轼也曾前来拜访,甚至理解了荆公的变法。诗人之间,的确有种君子之交淡如水的默契。 此纪录片近结尾也总结道诗圣杜甫未必是最伟大的中国诗人,且其人生经历也并非个例, 然而在他身上常能看到历朝历代文人墨客的影子。 在求索杜甫人生轨迹的过程中, 古诗词的魅力不过展现了冰山一角,在杜甫背后的,是千年诗歌文化的传承。 Brief summaryThis is inspired by the BBC documentary Du Fu: China’s Greatest Poet, which follows the life of a poet/politician in the Tang Dynasty in ancient China. This article aims to provide more context for ancient Chinese poetry and more generally the cultural sphere…
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March 22, 2021 0

¿Qué ‘las Chicas del Cable’ puede enseñarnos sobre la vida de las mujeres en los años veinte en España? – Grace Chester

¿Qué ‘las Chicas del Cable’ puede enseñarnos sobre la vida de las mujeres en los años veinte en España? Ayer comencé a ver la cuarta temporada de ‘las chicas del cable’ en Netflix. Para aquellos que no han oído hablar del programa, se trata de un grupo de mujeres en los últimos años veinte que…
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January 27, 2021 0

Photo Competition Winners!

Have a look at these amazing photos! The Winning Entry ‘Can I go where you go’ – by Josephine Zhuang. Congratulations Josephine! Other highly commended entries:     


November 19, 2020 0

‘Love in the time of COVID’ by K Starck

Amare bellezza senza amare l’animo,amare in compagnia,come amare per gelosia.Paura e rabbia, gli accompagnatori di un cuore spezzato.La vita è bella, ma la vita è corta,come esistere senza ostacoli,se scoprirsi fa parte del divertimento. Amare, amare senza contatto,con il battito che deve correre una lunga distanza,per raggiungere questa differenza di tempo,che vince sempre nella lotta…
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November 7, 2020 0

Common dreams : Lucy Huang

画材:丙烯,一次性医用口罩Description: 这个作平的灵感来源于我读到的一篇文章。在美国有一对夫妇,他们俩都是在抗疫前线的医护人员。一天早晨,他们为了一件很小的事情而吵架了,但他们很快就意识到,现在并不是计较鸡毛蒜皮的小事的好时机。他们说:“最重要的是我们团结在一起,并始终支持彼此”。我们每个人都有着共同的目标,此时此刻,大家都在为更好的未来而努力着。我们应该相互传播希望与爱,并作为人类这个大家庭的一员一起度过这个难关!Translation:One day, I read about an article and was really inspired by it. It’s about a couple, who are both working at the front line in the hospital against the virus. One morning, they had a petite fight, but they soon realised that it is not the time for petite arguments. “What’s important is…
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October 16, 2020 0

‘Två steg framåt, ett steg bakåt; Rasism i teatervärlden och Hollywood’ by Pippa Stroem

  Vi, som ett samhälle, har kommit en lång väg ifrån rasism i filmer och teaterpjäser. Sedan 1950 talet började direktorer att inkludera människor av färg och fler möjligheter öppnades upp för både personer av färg och kvinnor. I gamla Hollywood, fick människor av färg bara väldigt stereotypiska roller for att andra vita människor skulle…
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October 6, 2020 0

‘LE HÉRISSON’ by Duoya Li

Ce qui importe, ce n’est pas de mourir, c’est ce qu’on fait au moment où on meurt. Renée, qu’est-ce que vous faisiez au moment de mourir ? Vous étiez prête à aimer. Adapté du roman L’Élégance du Hérisson de Muriel Barbery, Le Hérisson est un film qui explore les questions de la vie et de…
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October 6, 2020 0

Le synonyme du mots Roumain en Europe, c’est la discrimination ! by Alexia Chiriac

Le synonyme du mots Roumain en Europe, c’est la discrimination ! (Translation of previous Romanian article) Plus que jamais, la discrimination reste un sujet tabou en 2020. Personne ne veut admettre qu’ils participent directement ou indirectement sous une forme ou une autre à la discrimination. La question est de savoir si tout le monde subit…
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June 4, 2020 0

Sinonimul cuvântului român în Europa este discriminare! by Alexia Chiriac

Mai mult decât oricând, discriminarea rămâne un subiect tabu in 2020. Nimeni nu vrea să recunoască că participă direct sau indirect într-o formă sau alta la discriminare. Întrebarea este dacă toată lumea trăiește discriminarea de aceeași manieră sau doar unele persoane sunt mai supuse acestei nefericite situații? Mulți au convingerea că ei nu fac parte…
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June 4, 2020 0

Photo Competition in Lockdown – Results!

Hello everyone!The moment we have all been waiting for has arrived…. And the winners of The Bright Side of Isolation are (drum roll please!): 1st- Serena Adutt‘Wabi-Sabi’ Runner up- Alicia Lorenzo‘Paseo al volver de trabajar en el hospital’ Thank you to everyone who submitted a photo! Here are all the other entries: Until the next…
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May 18, 2020 0